DSA Migration, Development and Social Change Study group
International migration, urban development, and processes of social change are intimately linked. This study group explores ‘big questions’ (including those raised in the Human Development Report in 2009). These will include lines of enquiry such as: Why do people migrate? How do they migrate (internally, regionally, internationally)? What are the direct and indirect impacts of this on sending and receiving countries? How are identities shaped, reconfigured and transformed through the migration process? What is the impact of transnational migration on countries of origin (for example, in terms of cultural, social and economic remittances)? How do conditions and policies in countries of destination affect these processes?
The study group seeks to cross-cut the following key areas in migration studies which serve as a theoretical backdrop:
- the literature on subjective wellbeing within migration studies (which is starting to grow)
- transnationalism (defined as types of consciousness, modes of cultural reproduction, as an avenue of capital and as a site of political engagement)
- integration of migrants into host societies (citizenship, mobility, education housing and health)
- multiculturalism (including policy development surrounding cultural, religious and linguistic diversity)
Katie Wright (University of East London), Kavita Datta (Queen Mary),
Tania Bastia (University of Manchester), Richard Black (University of
E: Tanja.Bastia@manchester.ac.uk, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
One-day workshop with the UCL Institute of the Americas, February
2016, London International Development Centre
Latin American Perspectives on Migration, Social Inequalities
and Life Transitions
Organisers: Dr Katie Wright and Professor Cathy McIlwaine
Read a blog post about this event.
This workshop examined the life transitions experienced by international migrants from and within Latin America and how these are linked to broader social inequalities. It contributed to the existing research on how gender ideologies and practices transform as people move across borders using three key concepts: thinking relationally, moving beyond individual outcomes to consider linked lives’ and addressing intersectionality, since migrants cross multiple boundaries beyond the geographical including age, race and gender. The focus was on life transitions as a broad category of study in relation to mobility in the Latin American context. These may be experienced in families, for example, as children, in adolescence, in adulthood or by older people (e.g. becoming a parent, being widowed or ageing). More broadly, life transitions may be focused on other areas that go beyond the family or inter-generational relations, for example, in the domain of work, including linkages between production and reproduction.
Dr Katie Wright is a Reader in International Development, University of East London working on gender and development, international migration, human wellbeing and Latin America. She has conducted ESRC-funded primary research on the construction of human wellbeing amongst Peruvian migrants based in London and Madrid and their relatives in Peru. Her most recent book is entitled “International Migration, Development and Human Wellbeing’. (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012). Her latest research examines inter-generational transfers amongst London-based Latin American migrant mothers and their daughters. This study is currently being extended to explore the case of migrant fathers and their sons.
Professor Cathy McIlwaine is a Professor in Human Geography at Queen Mary, University of London. Her research is rooted in geographies of development in relation to poverty, gender and urban violence as well as the nature of North-South linkages through migration. Her recent work has focused on the Latin American community in London and her latest project ‘No Longer Invisible Revisited Project: Onward Latin Americans in London’ extends the No Longer Invisible’ project funded by the Trust for London and the Latin American Women’s Rights Service by addressing more recent flows). Her latest related book is entitled 'Cross-border migration Amongst Latin Americans: European Perspectives and Beyond” (Palgrave Macmillan 2011).
10.30-11.15 Plenary Speaker: Dr Gioconda Herrera (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, FLACSO, Ecuador). Going Home In Times Of Crisis: Gender And Return Migration In Ecuador.
11.15-12pm Professor Cathy McIlwaine (Queen Mary, University of London)- Life Transitions And Gender-Based Violence Amongst Latin American Migrants in London, UK.
Dr Katie Wright (Global Studies, University of East London) - Human Wellbeing Transfer from a Gender and Life Course Perspective: The Case of Latin American Migrant Mothers and Daughters in London, UK.
1pm-2.30pm Megan Ryburn (London School of Economcs, LSE) -Bolivian Migrants In Chile: Transnational Social Citizenship From An Intersectional Perspective.
Dr Jasmine Gideon (Birkbeck) – Life Transitions Faced By Chilean Refugees In The UK.
Dr Carmen Ibañez (University of Cologne, Germany) - The Body As Evidence: Migration, Ethnicity and Gender in the Bolivian Andes’.
3-4pm Dr Gina Crivello (University of Oxford) - Exploring gender and generational relations in adolescence and young adulthood amongst Peruvian migrants.
Dr Tanja Bastia (University of Manchester) - Migration And Ageing In Argentina And Bolivia.
One-day workshop, June 2011, University of Manchester
Migration and cities of the Global South: implications for the
Co-sponsored by the School of Environment and Development (University of Manchester), the Migration, Social Change and Development Study Group of the Development Studies Association of UK and Ireland and the Research Institute for Cosmopolitan Cultures (University of Manchester)
Almost half of all migrants move within the Global South and a large share of these movements is made up of irregular migration. Many undocumented migrants live and work in cities in the Global South, where they are often seen as a threat by local populations. The one day workshop explored migrants’ everyday strategies, with a particular emphasis on their use of space, and analyse their implications for the migration-development nexus. How does migration status influence migrants’ use of space? What strategies do they employ to negotiate undocumentedness in their everyday lives? What implications does this have for the migration-development nexus in terms of job opportunities and remittances; participation in public life; transnational affective ties and care arrangements? The workshop brought together key thinkers on migration and cities in the Global South.
Professor AbdouMaliq Simone (Goldsmiths)
Dr Kavita Datta (Queen Mary, University of London)
Professor Loren Landau (African Centre for Migration and Society, Johannesburg)
Dr Nicola Piper (Arnold Bergstraesser Institute, at University of Freiburg)
Professor Nina Glick Schiller (University of Manchester)
Professor Uma Kothari (University of Manchester)
Study group launch event, Nov 2010, Queen Mary, University of London
Poverty, Migration and Development: towards a Post-Crisis Research and Policy Agenda
Brenda Yeoh (National University of Singapore): Singapore’s Changing Demography, The Crisis Of Care And Transnational Migration Under Conditions Of Rapid Globalization
Uma Kothari (University of Manchester): The Dynamics of Immobility
Ron Skeldon (DFID Professorial Fellow and University of Sussex): Migration and Development: The Debate Continues
Richard Black (University of Sussex): Migration and Poverty: Will the Debate Begin?
Ruth Grove-White (Migrants Rights Network): The New Immigration Agenda: What Scope For A Rights-Based Migration Policy?
Download the abstracts (PDF)
Mobilities and inequalities: towards a new ethics of policy response?
The wider migration and development literature has called for policy
responses that move beyond measures aimed at border control to seek
alternatives that are based on broader understandings of constructions
of poverty and inequality, human need and societal flourishing. In this
context, this panel seeks to understand the complex inter-relationships
(i) different kinds of mobilities, including rural-urban, cross-border, international;
(ii) intersecting inequalities, such as gender, generation and ethnicity;
(ii) freedoms/ unfreedoms to migrate, particularly related to the issue of consent (voluntary, forced migration and trafficking).
The panel is interested in exploring the relationship between mobilities, inequalities and degrees of unfreedom at the theoretical level and in making a contribution to policy, particularly with a view to recasting policy responses that relate to broader questions of human wellbeing and societal flourishing.
This focus on the linkages between mobilities, intersecting inequalities and freedoms/ unfreedoms resonates with key ideas raised in the latest Human Development Report on Human Mobility and Development. Such debates have broader implications for the study of development ethics more broadly. This panel examines the theme of development ethics and policy response in the context of mobility from three different angles.
The first relates to different kinds of mobilities at different scales. For example, in the context of globalization and the global restructuring of capital, much of the literature has focused on international migration flows. At the same time, there is consensus that lower-income groups are more likely to migrate as a livelihood strategy via for example Internal (rural-rural/rural-urban) migration in the same country or cross-border migration flows in the same region. Mobility can also have contradictory impacts at different scales, for example, improving the wellbeing of migrants and households that are in receipt of remittances while exacerbating overall levels of economic and social inequality. Multi-scalar analysis is needed to understand this complex relationship between mobility, inequalities and overall development impacts. This panel proposes to consider these different kinds of mobilities and their impacts at different scales.
The second considers the complex relationship between intersecting inequalities and different types of mobility, particularly the question of how existing inequalities within places of origin and between origin and destination are a driver for increased mobility. An additional question we would like to consider is whether mobility exacerbates existing inequalities of gender, age and ethnicity, particularly in places of origin. Mobility is therefore understood as a translocal process linking multiple localities within the same social fields.
The third, ‘freedoms and unfreedoms' relates to issues of consent surrounding the decision to migrate. This panel is open to considering both voluntary migration, forced migration and trafficking, different ‘modes' of migrating which are here understood as being part of the same process, but involve different degrees of consent. It also considers normative questions regarding freedoms and unfreedoms as to what migrants are able to be and do.
Three panels are currently proposed. The panel has already received interest from a range of different stakeholders including academics, policy makers and practitioners. It is expected that these debates will inform future agendas and publications of the ‘Migration, Development and Social Change' Study Group.